MON PAYS MÉTIS – QUELQUES VÉRITÉS AU SUJET DU CANADA

Éditions du Boréal publié en Canada (Anglais), Canada (Francais)

  • La première liste Maclean best-seller
  • Le deuxième sur la liste des best-seller Toronto Star
  • L’un des meilleurs vendeurs de nonfiction en 2008 (The Globe and Mail)

Traduit de l’anglais par Rachel Martinez et Ève Renaud
« Il y a des choses qui nous ont échappé quelque part. Je pense que le métissage a été au fond occulté et a disparu de notre histoire. Il aura fallu le courage de John Saul pour tout à coup entreprendre d’écrire un ouvrage. Je trouve cela passionnant ! J’en ai appris beaucoup et je me sens moins ignorant. »

- Jacques Languirand, Radio-Canada, « Par quatre chemins »

Description

« Nous ne sommes pas une civilisation d’inspiration française ou britannique, » déclare John Saul. « Nous ne l’avons jamais été. »

Dans ce nouveau livre, John Saul poursuit son exploration de la psyché canadienne. En jetant une lumière originale et féconde sur notre histoire, il nous amène à remettre radicalement en question l’image que nous avons de nous-mêmes. « En ayant recours, pour nous définir, à un langage qui n’exprime ni notre véritable nature ni notre véritable mythologie, nous avons privé notre civilisation de sa force. Nous avons neutralisé notre capacité de discuter et d’agir d’une manière qui reflète notre inconscient collectif, nos exigences éthiques. »

Devant les problèmes auxquels fait face notre société, nos gouvernements ont trop souvent recours à des expédients indignes de nous. Nous nous imaginons jouer un certain rôle sur le plan international, mais nous le jouons rarement, ou encore de façon intermittente et timorée. Tout cela parce que nous sommes incapables d’accepter qui nous sommes vraiment, parce que nous nous sommes enfermés dans une définition réductrice de notre société, de notre histoire.

Nos élites se révèlent de plus en plus dysfonctionnelles, car au fond elles ne désirent pas gouverner le Canada tel qu’il est. Quant à l’ensemble des citoyens, ils montrent des signes d’incertitude et de frustration, ils ont l’impression de n’avoir plus de repères.

John Saul défend dans ce nouvel essai l’idée que nous formons une société métisse, construite sur les principes amérindiens de paix, de justice et de bon gouvernement. Voilà ce qui constitue le cœur de notre pays, de la mythologie canadienne. Si nous arrivons à adopter un langage qui reflète notre histoire véritable, nous pourrions redécouvrir la force de traduire nos conceptions en actes, la force d’agir conformément à notre nature profonde.


Critiques Littéraires

Revues

Michael Adams
« John Ralston Saul’s A Fair Country is an intellectually engaging effort to reframe our view of the relationship between aboriginal peoples and Canadians who have arrived (or been born to migrants) over the past four centuries. Saul’s reading of history suggests that a more respectful, even egalitarian relationship existed between aboriginal peoples and European newcomers during the first couple of centuries before the period of de facto cultural genocide from which we are now only haltingly emerging.

Being a pollster, I naturally surveyed the opinions of my First Nations, Métis and Inuit colleagues, and found unanimity among them that this book intrigued them, and did not, as I had feared, give unintentional offence with its provocative declaration that « We are a Métis civilization. »

Aboriginal peoples are one of Canada’s most rapidly growing demographic groups. Now at 1.2 million, they are close to the numbers estimated to have been here when Jacques Cartier first set foot on this land. An even larger number of us (1.8 million) claim aboriginal ancestry and both these numbers have been growing in recent censuses more rapidly than new births, suggesting that we are in fact witnessing a renaissance of aboriginal identity in this country – an emerging spirit that Saul is sensing. His book’s quickly achieving bestseller status also suggests he is tapping into an inchoate sense among non-aboriginal Canadians that we should be rethinking the stereotypes we learned in the history books of our youth and that are reinforced every few months by the relentless bad-news stories in the media. Maybe – maybe – Saul has begun the dialogue that will create a powerful new national narrative (the Greeks called it mythos) to reframe this relationship from one of ignorance and racism to that of equality and respect. »

Joseph Boyden
« John Ralston Saul’s A Fair Country is an intellectually engaging effort to reframe our view of the relationship between aboriginal peoples and Canadians who have arrived (or been born to migrants) over the past four centuries. Saul’s reading of history suggests that a more respectful, even egalitarian relationship existed between aboriginal peoples and European newcomers during the first couple of centuries before the period of de facto cultural genocide from which we are now only haltingly emerging. Being a pollster, I naturally surveyed the opinions of my First Nations, Métis and Inuit colleagues, and found unanimity among them that this book intrigued them, and did not, as I had feared, give unintentional offence with its provocative declaration that « We are a Métis civilization. » Aboriginal peoples are one of Canada’s most rapidly growing demographic groups. Now at 1.2 million, they are close to the numbers estimated to have been here when Jacques Cartier first set foot on this land. An even larger number of us (1.8 million) claim aboriginal ancestry and both these numbers have been growing in recent censuses more rapidly than new births, suggesting that we are in fact witnessing a renaissance of aboriginal identity in this country – an emerging spirit that Saul is sensing. His book’s quickly achieving bestseller status also suggests he is tapping into an inchoate sense among non-aboriginal Canadians that we should be rethinking the stereotypes we learned in the history books of our youth and that are reinforced every few months by the relentless bad-news stories in the media. Maybe – maybe – Saul has begun the dialogue that will create a powerful new national narrative (the Greeks called it mythos) to reframe this relationship from one of ignorance and racism to that of equality and respect. »

Citations

Noah Richler – Globe and Mail
« A brilliant and timely argument about Canada’s complex nature and our country’s best future course. What a relief it is to read something so observant about Canada…Our politicians would do well to read this book. »

Lesley Hughes – Winnipeg Free Press

« He suggests a new and believable understanding of how Canada has come to be what it is. A Fair Country has the potential to change the way Canadians see themselves forever. It offers a romantic and heroic vision, and it’s a stirring and unpretentious read. »

Jon Midgley – Calgary Herald
« A consequence of Saul’s vision is that Western Canada assumes greater influence in the Canadian story. »

Haroon Siddiqui – Toronto Star
« Any Canadian reading the book, or learning about its content, will think of Canada differently. »

Aparna Sanyal – Montreal Gazette
« A Fair Country is that rare work of political thought that, by virtue of its daring, is both thrilling and sobering. One reads it with the even rarer sense that it had to be written. »

Entrevues

  • Cormac Rea – Ottawa XPress
  • Joseph Planta – The Commentary
  • *Kate Fillion – Maclean’s
  • *Michael Valpy, plus excerpt from A Fair Country – Globe and Mail
  • *Vivian Moreau – Victoria News

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